Everything You Need To Know About The Hemorrhoidectomy Surgical Procedure

Posted on: 9 February 2024

Hemorrhoids are a painful and uncomfortable problem that affects many people at some point in their lives. If you're suffering from severe hemorrhoids that haven't responded to other treatments, you may need to consider a hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure. In this blog post, we'll discuss everything you need to know about the surgical procedure, including the procedure, risks, and recovery. So, let's get started!

What Is a Hemorrhoidectomy?

A hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that gets rid of hemorrhoids, which are swollen and irritated veins in the rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids can be caused by pregnancy, constipation, and aging. A hemorrhoidectomy is usually an outpatient procedure, but you may need to stay in the hospital for a day or two if you have complications or if you're experiencing severe pain.

Preparation for Hemorrhoidectomy

Before the surgery, your doctor will give you instructions about how to prepare. You may be required to stop eating and drinking before the surgery or undergo a bowel prep to clear your intestines. You may need to stop taking certain medications before the surgery, such as blood thinners. Be sure to inform your doctor of all medications you're taking.

The Procedure

During the surgery, you'll be under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. The surgeon will make a small incision around the hemorrhoid and remove it using surgical instruments or a laser. The incision will then be closed using stitches, which will be removed several days after the surgery.


After the surgery, you may experience pain, swelling, and bleeding. You'll be given pain medication to manage any discomfort. You may also be prescribed stool softeners to make bowel movements more comfortable. It's essential to get enough rest and avoid any activities that may strain your rectal area, such as heavy lifting and sitting on hard surfaces. You may need to take several weeks off work or other activities to recover fully.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved, including excessive bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding tissues. Hemorrhoidectomy complications may include difficulties passing stool, incontinence, and the recurrence of hemorrhoids. To mitigate these risks, it's essential to follow your doctor's instructions for aftercare.

A hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure is a serious option for severe hemorrhoids that haven't responded to other treatments. By knowing what to expect before, during, and after the surgery, you can make an informed decision about your health. 

Contact a medical clinic like West County Colon and Rectal Care Center to learn more.